The Public Health Agency is warning of the danger of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from lit or smouldering barbecues inside tents or caravans.
Many people are already aware that fossil fuels and wood, when burnt without enough oxygen, create high levels of CO. However, the PHA is concerned that Easter holiday campers may not be aware of the risks involved with taking lit or smouldering barbecues inside tents, awnings or caravans.
CO is a colourless, tasteless, odourless gas that is non-irritating, and as a result can be very hard to detect. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headaches, nausea and vomiting, exhaustion, drowsiness, dizziness and lightheadedness, ‘flu like’ symptoms, palpitations (feeling your heart beat oddly), chest pain and losing consciousness.
CO poisoning can be fatal and affect anyone, including healthy adults. However, children, older people, pregnant women and anyone with heart or breathing problems are more vulnerable to its effects.
Dr Gerry Waldron, Acting Assistant Director of Public Health (Health Protection) at the PHA, advises: “It is important to remind people going camping or caravanning over the Easter holidays that despite being out in the fresh air, carbon monoxide can build up very quickly in enclosed spaces, such as tents and awnings, to levels that can kill. And with the cold weather forecast, campers may be tempted to take barbecues inside.
“Barbecues should never be used or left inside tents or awnings once they have been lit or after they have been used – they should be disposed of safely ensuring all fire and ashes are completely extinguished.
“It is essential that people take care when using barbecues and ensure that they are safe and used in properly ventilated spaces. Anyone who suspects they are suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning while camping should immediately go outside into the fresh air and seek urgent medical attention.”
Carbon monoxide poisoning causes around 50 deaths each year in the UK as well as a number of hospital admissions. It is known as the ‘silent killer’ – you can’t see it, taste it or smell it. Carbon monoxide is released from the burning of carbon-based fossil fuels including coal, gas, oil, petrol, paraffin, charcoal and wood.
Dr Waldron added: “Carbon monoxide poisoning can be fatal and can also cause long-term health problems if victims are exposed to low doses over a long period of time. The signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are often mistaken for other illnesses, such as food poisoning or flu – the symptoms can be similar to flu but without a raised temperature. Please look out for these signs and symptoms and consider if carbon monoxide poisoning could be the cause.”
The guide, ‘Carbon monoxide: are you at risk?’ is available to download from nidirect at www.nidirect.gov.uk/carbonmonoxide